All pieces are designed and crafted by hand.
Most pieces are fabricated from sterling silver sheet or wire, using accents of gold, copper and brass for colour variation. I use a variety of techniques including sawing, filing, drilling, soldering, hollow forming, casting and stone setting. Problem solving is integral to metalwork, and often the most satisfying aspect of the creation of a piece will be finding a solution to the unique difficulty of the design.
On occasion I use a commercial casting company to produce multiples of designs I have created in wax, using the lost wax casting technique, although I also do my own casting using a more primitive sand casting technique.